Essays — 03 August 2013

A new look at this psychological theory proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper ‘A Theory of Human Motivation’

Maslow used the terms Physiological, Safety, Belongingness and Love, Esteem, Self-Actualisation and Self Transcendence needs to describe the pattern that human motivations generally move through.

Pyramid Maslow

Maslow studied what he called exemplary people such as Albert Einstein and Eleanor Roosevelt rather than mentally ill or neurotic people, writing that “the study of crippled, stunted, immature, and unhealthy specimens can yield only a crippled psychology and a crippled philosophy.” Maslow studied the healthiest 1% of the college student population.

The most fundamental and basic four layers of the pyramid contain what Maslow called “deficiency needs”: esteem, friendship and love, security, and physical needs. If these “deficiency needs” are not met, the individual will feel anxious and tense. Only when the basic needs are met, the individual will strongly desire the higher level needs.

The human mind and brain are complex and have parallel processes running at the same time, thus many different motivations from various levels can occur at the same time. According to Maslow, humans need to feel a sense of belonging and acceptance among social groups, regardless if these groups are large or small. Humans need to love and be loved by others.

Questions: (only one answer possible)

1. Which of the following qualities is transcended on the top?

a. morality
b. creativity
c. spontaneity
d. problem solving
e. lack of prejudice
f. acceptance of facts

2. Where does Facebook fit in the hierarchy of needs for students?

Between level
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 3 and 4
d. 4 and 5

3. Who is on top?

a. The Pope
b. Mother Theresa
c. Osho

Antar Marc, Osho News

Related discourse excerpt Your Spirit is Only a Potential

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